Causes of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins are an extremely common disease. It affects the veins, increasing their diameter, thinning the walls, and disrupting the valves. Varicose veins can occur in any part of the body, but most often the veins of the lower extremities are affected. Almost half of women and about 25% of men suffer from it. Why are the veins of the legs so often exposed to this ailment?

Main reasons

The causes of varicose veins on the legs are not fully identified, but the most common are the following:

  • Physical inactivity.Due to lack of mobility, the outflow of blood becomes slower and worse. This explains the fact that the disease is rapidly growing younger - if earlier they suffered from it after 30 years, now they are exposed to it after 20. People of the "computer" generation spend a lot of time motionless, in a sitting position.
  • Heredity.Studies have shown that varicose veins develop more often in people whose relatives also suffered from it. Through genes, children are transmitted, including the structure of the veins, and therefore a predisposition to the appearance of varicose veins.
  • Obesity.Excess weight puts too much stress on the legs, and the blood in the veins often stagnates.
  • Large load on the legs.Usually occurs in people who, by occupation (salesmen, teachers, hairdressers) spend a lot of time on their feet.
  • Uncomfortable shoes and clothes.Leading among this factor are the causes of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs of stiletto heels. Since girls are forced to balance on a small area of the foot, this creates a huge load on the legs. Similarly, skinny jeans, visually making them more attractive, tighten the pelvis, disrupting the blood flow.
  • Smoking and alcohol.Bad habits cause significant damage to our health and strongly affect the circulatory system.
  • Diseases of the pelvic organs.Diseases of the intestines, genitals provoke incorrect blood flow, its stagnation, which is reflected in the legs.
  • Pregnancy.Being a huge burden on a woman's body, pregnancy provokes the development of varicose veins. Hormonal changes lead to the fact that the tone of the veins decreases, and the enlargement of the uterus often presses the veins. In addition, the weight increases significantly.

Symptoms of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs

  • heaviness in the legs;
  • swelling on the leg, which appears at night and disappears in the morning;
  • burning of a vein;
  • the vein swells and becomes more visible.

If you feel these symptoms and you have causes of varicose veins on the legs, you should immediately consult a phlebologist. After the examination, he can prescribe some kind of study to determine for sure the disruption of the veins. For this, the following procedures are carried out:

  • ultrasound dopplerography (shows how the blood flow in the veins passes and whether there are obstacles to its normal operation)
  • transillumination (with its help, the veins are shone through with a special light, which allows you to accurately determine their condition)
the doctor examines the legs with varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs

In the initial stages, it is enough to use special ointments and gels that relieve pain and heaviness in the legs, and you also need to wear compression stockings or tights.

Patients are prescribed to take venotonics, which improve blood flow and tone the walls of the veins. They complement the effects of more serious drugs.

For advanced cases, sclerotherapy, ozone therapy, phlebectomy or endovasal laser coagulation are used. All these procedures help to normalize blood flow in the legs.

Varicose veins: causes, symptoms, treatment constitute a whole section of medicine that develops every day. Perhaps, in the future, there will be ways of treating the affected veins without their removal and serious intervention, but at the moment we advise you to take care of yourself and avoid the listed causes of varicose veins from a young age.